First, a short story. I have an old patient with asthma who has recurring attacks, especially at the end of each season.
When he asked if there was any way to cure it, I once jokingly said, ‘You might just move to another place.’
Not long after, he was assigned to work outside the company. Soon after, he called me and said excitedly, “Dr. Sun, I really changed my place. My asthma has stopped now.”
This story illustrates a truth, reasonable choice of housing, reduce the attack of asthma.
Why is that?
In the 2020 Guidelines for Asthma Prevention and Treatment, it is mentioned that if the allergen or other non-specific stimulus factors that cause asthma attacks can be identified, environmental control measures to minimize exposure are the most effective way to prevent and treat asthma.
Explain to change exposure environment, living and working environment is very important.
What kind of living and working conditions can cause asthma attacks?
- Air pollution: At present, the haze in many places is very serious, which will contain many pathogens and allergens, inducing the attack of asthma.
- Indoor dust: it can be used as a carrier to induce asthma.
Such as dust mites and their excrement, mold and its spores, pollen and so on.
When a patient inhales the dust, it can cause an asthma attack.
- Mites: The main cause of allergies is dust mites, which live in fur products, carpets, soft toys, and mattresses
- Home renovations or new furniture: Volatile organic chemicals emitted by decor materials and new furniture can cause asthma and pneumonia.
- Moldy and humid environment in the South: The climate in the South is relatively humid, and damp and mold problems are likely to occur in buildings, which are also significant risk factors for pneumonia, asthma and other allergic diseases.
- Owning pets: Owning pets such as dogs, cats and fish is also a cause of asthma.
- Coal burning and air conditioning: Using coal in winter and air conditioning in summer makes the room airtight, reduces ventilation and increases the risk of asthma.
- Residential proximity to roads: Living near major roads is associated with an increased risk of asthma associated with exposure to external pollutants.
- The feces of some insects, mainly cockroaches, can also trigger asthma attacks.
What should I pay attention to in my daily residence?
- Pay attention to reduce indoor dust: Generally, it is cleaned once every 1-2 days and cleaned once a month.
- Indoor furniture should be simple, the surface is easy to clean.
- Mite removal: bedding do not choose duvet, silk wool quilt and animal fur made of bedding.
Regular ironing, drying, patting quilt cover, pillowcase, etc.
The ground had better use cement or wooden floor, so that scrub, do not use carpet;
- Do not feed pets indoors.
- Do not use all kinds of spray insecticides in the living environment, and avoid pungent odors such as camphor, perfume and cosmetics;
- Do not smoke indoors, and use appropriate methods to reduce the pollution of gas and lampblack;
- Flowering plants should be avoided indoors, and doors and Windows should be closed whenever the pollen is flying in spring.
- Avoid humidity and darkness to reduce the breeding of mold;
- Kill pests;
- Rational use of coal and air conditioning;
- Pay attention to ventilation, at least 2 times a day, 20 minutes each time, indoor air purification device can be installed if necessary.
As asthma patients and family members, we should strive to do the above points in the home environment, so that we can better control asthma and reduce the acute attack of asthma.